Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka also known as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean is an island located in Southern Asia, south of India with a population of 22.9 million inhabitants. A land bridge between the island and India existed until the 15th century when a cyclone broke the land bridge apart. The island is mostly flat with some mountains in the central-southern parts and surrounded by the Indian Ocean. The largest city of Sri Lanka is Colombo with about 600,000 inhabitants. The Island does not have any natural lakes, but there are several dams, water reservoirs and water tanks in the country. The largest reservoir is called Kala Wewa and is almost 7 km/ 22,000 ft long.

The Sri Lankan people mainly live in rural areas and only 19% live in urban areas which is not typical of most countries. Religion is very important in the Sri Lankan culture and tradition. A typical tradition is when greeting or when meeting a person, you should put your hands together and say the phrase “Ayubowan” which means ‘hello’ in a much more formal way. Another tradition is to welcome people and offer a glass of water or drink when visitors come to your house.

Rice is a staple food for the Sri Lankans, dishes include rice and curry, wattalapam (a rich pudding of Malay origin made with coconut milk, jaggery, cashews, eggs, and spices including cinnamon and nutmeg), kottu, and appam. The country is also famous for its spices mainly cinnamon and black pepper.. 

Fun Facts:

  • Traditionally food is served on a plantain leaf or lotus leaf.
  • Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, referred to as Kotte, with about 100,000 inhabitants.
  • Sri Lanka, previously Ceylon or Serendip, nickname: “Pearl of the Indian Ocean”.
  • Sri Lanka are home to many endemic species such as the sambar deer and the purple-faced langur.
  • Sri Lanka is one of the world’s top biodiversity hotspots.
  • The Kandy to Ella train journey is often named among the most scenic train rides in the world.
  • Visit the Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy.
  • Go see the Sigiriya Fort on Lions Rock.


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