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South Africa

The republic of South Africa is the southernmost country on the African continent and shares borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the North, and Mozambique in the East. The country encloses two landlocked African countries which are eSwatini (formerly called Swaziland) and Lesotho. The southernmost point in South Africa is, Cape Agulhas which is roughly 120km (75miles) east of Cape Town. The capital city Pretoria has 3 million inhabitants.

In the mountain ranges of the Drakensberg region, especially in the Lesotho mountains, surprisingly there is snow in winter and you could even go skiing in South Africa, don’t forget your ski equipment’s when visiting. Love penguins, come see these lovely species. South Africa is home to the African Penguins and the Great White Sharks. Sometimes beaches are closed for bathing due to the sharks in the bays. Many beaches have shark nets but always remember to only swim in the sea where there are lifeguards on duty so you don’t become shark food.

The ‘Rainbow Nation’, as she is called, due to the many different languages spoken and different cultural traditions. The biggest South African population group, the Zulu, mainly live in rural settlements in KwaZulu-Natal. They enjoy raising their livestock and grazing their lands. South Africa is home to the African Penguins and the Great White Sharks live in the ocean waters here too. Sometimes beaches are closed for bathing due to the sharks in the bays. Many beaches have shark nets. Remember to only swim in the sea where there are lifeguards on duty

Due to the diverse nature of this nation, the food is also diverse but the staple food for the locals is ‘mealies’, which is corn, and seasonal vegetables, like potatoes, beans, carrots and peas. BBQ or ‘braai’ is very popular. Another delicacy is the Boerewors-Afrikaans for ‘farmers sausage’, is often put on the grill, formed in a curl and Bobotie-typical Cape Malay food containing rice, lamb and fragrant spices.

Fun Facts:

  • The Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean meet off the Southern Cape coast
  • South Africa is often called ‘The Cradle of Humankind’, because archaeological artefacts, tools and human remains prove that people lived in the area more than 100,000 years ago
  • Did you know that in South Africa, cars drive on the left side of the road as they do in the UK and Australia
  • Whale watching is very popular in South Africa too and you will encounter an enormous sea life in South Africa when you go on a boat trip
  • Visit iSimangeliso (formerly St Lucia Wetlands) for wildlife viewing and nature
  • Visit the Addo National Park near Port Elizabeth for elephant-spotting

Resources:

https://www.sutori.com/story/history-of-south-africa-timeline jrbd7dnYgub6XfaztCHoGUHW

http://www.localhistories.org/southafrica.html

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094918

https://saspecialist.southafrica.net/za/es/topics/entry/brief-history

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