A chain of 40 natural islands plus 50 artificial ones make up the Kingdom of Bahrain. A chain of islands like this is known as an Archipelago. The archipelago known as Bahrain is off the southwestern coast of the Persian Gulf and is connected to Saudi Arabia by a 16-mile causeway. 

Bahrain is an Arabic word meaning “Two Seas.” In this case, it refers to the freshwater springs and the islands’ seas. While Arabic is Bahrain’s official language, much of the population speaks English as a second language.  Bahrain is home to the ancient Dilmun civilization, which served as a vital trading center between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Civilization. The Dilmuns were in operation from the late fourth Millennium to 800 BC. So, Bahrain’s cultural history is pretty rich,  and there’s much to learn there. 

This Middle Eastern hub is now most known for its oil. But historically, the pearl is responsible for Bahrain’s wealth as the jewel originated from Bahrain in the 19th century. Bahrain remains a well-developed country today, with a culture centered around luxury. Since it was declared an Islamic constitutional monarchy in 2002, Bahrain’s government provides free healthcare and education to all citizens. 

Fun Facts:

  • Bahrain is only 59 years young —  it declared nationhood in 1971. 
  • Population: 1.569 million
  • Area: 295.5 mi²
  • This progressive country staged the first Grand Prix in the Middle East. 
  • Spoken Languages: Arabic, English, Persian 
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism 
  • The life expectancy in this country is 77-years old. 


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